The infant is a social, emotional and communicative being from birth. By 4 months this communicative capacity is flowering. Recent research shows that mother-infant face to face interaction patterns at 4 months predict infant secure and insecure attachment patterns at 1 year. This half hour talk shows film and frame-by-frame analyses illustrating secure and insecure patterns at 4 months.
Inspired by his mentor, Dr. Aaron T. Beck, the father of cognitive therapy and a leading researcher in psychopathology, Dr. David D. Burns authored his seminal book on cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) in 1980 . A revised edition was authored in 2000.
Genetics is the study of inheritance with many overlapping concepts. Classical genetics studies genes that form the basis for inherited physical traits such as eye color. Cytogenetics looks at the structure of chromosomes in a karyotype obtained before birth in amniotic fluid, and afterwards in blood.
One autoantibody associated with limbic encephalitis (LE) targets intracellular neuronal antigens (IAg) (GAD65 receptor) and three others target the neuronal surface antigens (SAg) (NMDA [N-methyl-D-aspartate) receptor, VGKC [voltage-gated potassium channel]-complex, and AMPA [α‐amino‐3‐hydroxy‐5‐methylisoxazole‐4‐propionic acid] receptor).
While Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (HT) is well understood and a cornerstone for understanding autoimmune thyroid disease, Hashimoto’s encephalopathy (HE) remains a challenge to clinicians not so much for its effective management, but because of the potential for unraveling an important aspects of autoimmune encephalitis, and related childhood and adult cognitive and neuropsychiatric disorders.
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND: In 1912, Hakaru Hashimoto published a description of the disorder named in his honor, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (HT), in the German literature hoping that it would make his findings more available around the world. Four women, all over age 40, showed a preponderance of lymphoid follicles, with parenchymal and interstitial changes, one of whom was hypothyroid.